NATO and UN Approaches to the Protection of Civilians Course

1. Consept and purpose of the course

Aim of the course is to develop within civilian and military participants a practical understanding of the role of the UN, NATO and civilian organizations as protection actors in operations. The course focuses on how to protect civilians from threats of physical violence, including harm from their own actions. The course also enhances the military’s understanding of how military options impact civilians and how the military can support other non-kinetic actions to minimise the negative impacts of conflict on civilians.

Other learning outcomes include analysis of civilian vulnerabilities, prevention and response to conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence and cross-cutting topics such as gender, children and youth. In addition the course will cover the analysis of complex threats such as those arising from political violence, criminal activity, violent extremism and terrorism, and how they affect civilian populations in the areas of operations.

The course will enhance the knowledge and critical understanding of the multiple dimensions and meanings of the protection of civilians. The students are trained to understand the roles and responsibilities of the military, police and civilian actors involved in protection work and the relationships between these actors. The participants will enhance their understanding of the operational environment through learning to identify perpetrators of violence, threats to the population, and assessing the vulnerabilities and resiliencies of the populations.

The course will familiarize students with the multiple dimensions and meanings of the protection of civilians in order to enhance their knowledge and critical understanding of this topic. The goal is to enhance participants’ understanding of the operational environment from a ‘population-centric’ perspective through learning to identify perpetrators of violence, threatening the population, and assessing the vulnerabilities and resiliencies of the populations.

2. Performance Objectives of the NATO and UN POC course:

PO1 Demonstrate knowledge of the military role in protecting civilians, civilian objects and services

  • Recognise the role that Protection of Civilians has within conflict/crisis.
  • Summarise protection responsibilities including state, organization, individual.
  • Distinguish different approaches (population centric, strategic and legal), concepts and doctrines (NATO, UN and ICRC) related to Protection of civilians.
  • Identify all actors, roles and responsibilities with regard to Protection of Civilians.

PO 2 Analyse the operational environment

  • Categorize violations and harm against civilians.
  • Distinguish different motives committing violence, different vulnerable populations).
  • Describe the Operational Environment.
  • Analyse conflict.

PO 3 Conduct threat and risk analysis with regards to threats of physical violence on civilians in military operations

  • Define threats and risks.
  • Conduct PoC threat assessment.
  • Identify relevant response activities.

PO 4 Apply Protection Concepts in ensuring the mission success

  • Apply Protection of Civilians knowledge in the conduct of a threat assessment.
  • Apply Protection of Civilians knowledge in identifying relevant and suitable response activities.
  • The criteria for students performance at the summative assessment final exercise is:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the military role in protecting civilians.
  • Demonstrate how the military can utilize force to protect civilians from threats of physical violence (including own actions).
  • Assess the critical characteristics in the Operational Environment relative to Protection of Civilians.
  • Apply Protection of Civilians knowledge in the conduct of a threat assessment.
  • Recognize that there are different approaches to Protection of Civilians and that they are complementary.
  • The course will be very interactive and will consist of interactive lessons with active learning methods, case studies and a sharing of knowledge and experiences.

 

3. Student Criteria

This Course has been designed for staff working at the strategic or operational level in NATO, NATO-Partners or UN T/PCC Nations and IO/NGO's working with NATO or UN in these operational environment.

To be eligible to attend the course, applicants must fulfil the following criteria:

  • Military Officers (OF-3 through OF-5) working at the strategic or operational level in NATO, NATO-Partners or UN T/PCC.
  • Personnel working in analysis, planning, operational, management or leadership roles and who are required to or are positioned to act on Protection of Civilians in their respective organisations.
  • NATO HQ IS/ISM, NATO Allied Command Operations (HQ SHAPE, Joint Force Commands, and Component Commands), NATO Allied Command Transformation (HQ SACT, Joint Warfare Centre (JWC), Joint Forces Training Centre (JFTC) and Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC)) NATO Force Structure and Potential JFT Staff members.
  • NATO Partner nations’ staff.
  • UN Staff (All Levels), UN TCC Staff.
  • Basic computer skills including the use of Microsoft Office.
  • English skills equivalent to a professional user level (NATO STANAG 6001 level 3-2-3-2/Common European Framework of Reference for Language level B2-C1/Upper Intermediate–Advanced level).
  • The protection of civilians is a priority task, not a specialist topic. Therefore to implement PoC successfully in the planning and conduct of operations and missions, the participation of the entire military staff is required.
  • Due to the interactive nature of the course, a wide breadth of backgrounds and expertise is desirable. Therefore, representation is encouraged from all the military staff codes/functions; civilian organisations and subject matter experts on various topics linking into protection of civilians.
     

4. Course Dates

NATO -UN POC  3 -10 April 2019 

5. Course Fee

€700 for all course participants.

6. How to apply

The application period has ended.